About Production of Apple
Apple tree, (Malus domestica), tree and fruit in the rose family (Rosaceae), one of the most commonly planted trees. Apples are grown primarily for sale as fresh fruit, although apples are also used for wine, juice, jelly, applesauce and apple butter and cans such as bakery products.
A significant portion of the world’s harvest is also used for cider, wine and brandy. Apples are eaten fresh or cooked. There are different ways to cook apples; Often, they are used to make a variety of pastries, and apple pie is perhaps the most popular American dessert. Especially in Europe, French fries accompany some charcuterie or pork dishes. Apples provide vitamins A and C, are high in carbohydrates and are a good source of dietary fiber.
Apples can be grown in many parts of the country and lend themselves well to part-time farming. The initial investment for apples can be high depending on the chosen production method, land preparation and initial investment in trees.
Commercial orchards are expected to produce for at least 20 years, so this investment will be spread over a longer period than most crops. Depending on the area of land devoted to orchards, the production process and the size of the trees, the cost of equipment can be kept to a minimum. If the orchard is part of an existing farm, you may already have the necessary equipment.
Apple production will require many hours of work, depending on the size of the orchard. Preparation and planting will require at least two people. During the summer months, orchards will need mowing, lots of pesticides and fruit thinning. Depending on the variety and size of the orchard, additional work may be required during harvest. While you may be able to outsource these tasks to family members and part-time local workers, outsourcing may also be necessary.
According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), more than 5,000 farms own nearly 85,000 acres of apples in the northeastern United States. Pennsylvania produces 400 to 500 million pounds of apples annually and ranks fourth in the nation for apple production. Most of the production is concentrated in south-central Pennsylvania (largely due to the topography), but apples can be found commercially in the Commonwealth.
World apple production by country
Countries together account for most of the world’s Apple production, with China alone producing more than 40% of the world’s total. Other countries, such as Germany and Argentina, are also apple producers, but they are not in the top 10 in 2021. World map with the top 10 apple producing countries showing the list of the top 10 apple producing countries. There are more than 7,500 varieties of apples in the world with different characteristics.
China is the largest producer of apples in the world; in 2009, the country produced more than 31,684,445 million tons of apples. The United States of America ranks second in apple production, followed by Turkey, Poland, Iran, Italy, France, India, the Russian Federation of Russia and Brazil.
Interesting facts about apples: One of the first fruits to be cultivated, apples have a long history and are associated with many religious ceremonies. In Greek mythology, the apple is a forbidden fruit. Popular Christian tradition says that Adam and Eve’s eating of an apple caused the fall of mankind from the Garden of Eden.
- Worldwide, 87,236,221 tons of apples are produced annually.
- China is the largest producer of apples in the world producing 42,426,578 tons per year. The United States of America comes second with an annual production of 4,997,680 tons.
- China and the United States of America together produce more than 50% of the world’s total apples. With 3,618,752 units of production per year, Turkey is the third largest producer of apples.
- India, with 2,316,000 tons of annual production is ranked 5.
Climate conditions for apple production
Apple is a fruit that bears fruit. However, in India, apple growing areas do not fall under the climate zone, but the hot climate of the region is due to the Himalayan mountains and high altitude.
Summer temperature should be around 21-24oC during active growth. Apple trees do best in areas where the trees receive uninterrupted winter breaks and plenty of sunlight for good color development. It can be grown at an altitude of 1500-2700 m above sea level. A well-distributed rainfall of 1000-1250 mm during the growing season is the best for growth and fruiting.
Depending on the type of apple produced (often called “cultivars”), most apples are harvested and sold from late August to October. If the cold store is used regularly, the marketing period can be extended until March. If controlled air safety (CA) is available, the marketing period may be extended until July.
Apples can be sold directly to consumers (usually through farmers’ markets or roadside stands), wholesale, or sold to wholesalers. work. Apples are often sold in the market to produce fruit. Grades of fruit carriers and packages of apples for fresh market. Fresh apples produce higher yields than processed apples.
Apples are used by processors to make applesauce, apple juice and various other products. It is recommended that marketing options be explored before ordering plants from the nursery so that the best seeds meet the expected needs.
The apples sold on the side of the road must be the best. This will guarantee loyal customers year after year. Street vendors often sell different types of herbs to keep the market going.
Traffic marketing takes time, but it can also be very rewarding financially. When selling directly, you will also need a marketing plan for fruit that cannot be sold as premium. These other markets may include selling apples at different prices and in large quantities or using them to produce processed apple products such as cider, dried apples or apple cider.
Selling modified apple products is a great way to diversify your product line and extend the marketing time for your apples. However, there are many rules and risks associated with food processing operations.