About production of Tomato
Tomato plants are tender, warm-season crops that love the sun and cannot tolerate frost. It is important not to plant the plants too early. In many places, the soil is not warm enough to plant tomatoes outdoors until spring and early summer, except in zone 10, where it is planted in the fall and in the winter.
See when to grow tomatoes for your situation. Tomatoes take about 60 to more than 100 days to harvest, depending on the variety (see more in the category below). Because of their long growing needs (and seeding time), many gardeners plant small “starters” or transplants instead of seeds when the weather warms in the spring. Most gardeners buy their transplants from garden centers or nurseries, but you can grow your own from seed indoors.
Country from tomato production
Worldwide, 180,766,329 tomatoes are produced each year. China is the largest tomatography on the world 62,8699,502 per year.
India comes with seconds in 19,007,000 tonisuals years 19,007,000. With 12,841,990 units of production per year, Turkey is the third producer of tomatoes.
China, India and Turkey together produce more than 50% of the world’s total tomatoes. The United States of America, with 10,858,990 tons of annual production, is 4.
China is the world’s largest producer of tomatoes with 64.768 million mT, or 34.67% of total world production. In 2020, China devoted 1,107,485 hectares to tomato production, and its yield per square meter was 58.5 mT/ha.
India followed China, which in 2020 produced 20.573 million tomatoes from 812,000 hectares and had an average of 25.3mT/ha. Turkey grew 13.204 million mT on 181,879 hectares with a yield of 72.6 mT/ha. The United States ranks fourth with 12.227 million mT, 110,439 hectares and a yield of 110.7 mT/ha.
Spain is in eighth place with a total of 4,312.9 million tomatoes grown on 55,470 hectares and an average yield of 7.78 kg/m². It should be noted that the Spanish production, the number of hectares and yield, is lower than that of the previous year.
Production of Tomatoes In India
The major tomato producing states in the country are Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh,
Karnataka, Gujarat, Odisha, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Tamil Nadu. These states represent 91% of the total local production. Tomato production is planned for the year 2017-18 (third plan).nAbout 6.4% less than last year. However, compare to 5 years ago average production, it is 4.4% higher
Current tomato status:
The harvesting season of Rabi tomatoes has started in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and
The area covered by Rabi tomatoes should be the same as last year. Plant conditions are good and healthy.
Process of sowing
For the northern states, tomato seeds are planted for spring at the end of November and transplanted in the second half of January. For planting seeds in autumn, seeds are planted in July – August and transplanting in August – September. In the north, the seeds are sown in March-April and transplanted in April-May.
Depending on the type of use and its growth, use a spacing of 60x30cm or 75x60cm or 75x75cm. In Punjab, for dwarf varieties, use a space of 75 cm x 30 cm and for rainy season, use a space of 120-150 x 30 cm.
In the nursery, plant seeds 4 cm deep and cover the soil. Sowing method
Transplanting seedlings in the main garden.