About production of Orange
Oranges are grown in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The plants can grow in a variety of soils, from very sandy loam to heavy clay loam, although they grow best in soils in between. Regional growing conditions, such as climate, soil type and farming practices, have a significant impact on the quality of the fruit and juice produced.
Different types of oranges, for example Valencia, can have different properties depending on where it grows in the world. The orange producing area is shown in fig.
About 70 million tons of oranges are produced worldwide every year. About a third of the total ton is processed, and the rest is consumed as fresh fruit. Whenever possible, growers prefer to sell oranges in the fresh fruit market because their prices are usually higher than those sold for processing into juice.
In some countries, this can lead to significant changes in fruit production from year to year. Florida and Brazil are the world’s largest juice producers. Here, most of the harvested fruit is processed as orange varieties in these areas are grown for processing rather than for immediate consumption.
Thanks to new plantings, global orange production continued to increase until the early 2000s, mainly in Florida, Brazil and China. Orange production is also expected to increase further in other regions due to better planting programs, planting techniques and support for orange growers.
However, adverse weather effects such as frost and storms, as well as uncontrolled diseases of fruit trees, can reduce crop yields and drinking water. Recent years have seen a marked change in global orange production, and since 2010, the global harvest has declined due to adverse weather conditions and disease in key producing areas.
Sweet orange trees usually reach 6 meters (20 feet) in height. The large, bright, green leaves are small and oval; petioles (stalks) have narrow wings. Its white flowers have five fragrant petals. The fruit is a modified berry known as a citrus fruit, the flesh is divided into parts called carpels. The most common type of sweet orange fruit is the roundness and color of its orange pulp, but there are differences.
For example, a tangerine compares well with a blood orange with red pulp. The sweet orange pulp tastes tart and sweet; the skin of the skin is slightly soft; and the sebaceous glands are convex. Oranges are picked when they are ripe because, unlike some deciduous fruits, they do not color and get better after being picked. The trees are very fruitful from 50 to 80 years or even more, few old orange trees that must be counted in hundreds of years are still producing crops.
Orange grows best where the trees are chilled by occasional frosts in winter. The plants are short-lived at that time, and temperatures below freezing will not harm plants or fruit unless frost occurs early, before the plants finish their annual growth. In the coldest growing areas, a smudge pot or gas burner can be used to heat the orchard. The plants tolerate different soil conditions, from very sandy soils to heavy clays; they grow well in medium soil types. Orange orchards are usually planted in deep, well-drained soils. Orange trees are usually grown on trees that are grown from selected fruit. Seeds are planted in well-prepared soil in slat houses; after about 12 months, the plant is transferred to the nursery. After about 12-16 months in the nursery, the plants are usually fully grown. When the mature leaves are a year or two old, the plants are mature enough to be planted in the orchard. Growing like beans, tomatoes or melons among unripe orange trees is common in some areas. The growth of crops uses the rain that comes in time for the production of organic matter in the soil. In many places where oranges are grown, it is necessary to add rainwater; This is generally the practice in Texas, California, Israel, Spain, Morocco and parts of South Africa.
The production and consumption of Oranges has increased over the years. Annual orange production is estimated at 50 million tons. The increase in orange production is mainly because of the larger cultivation area, efficient transport, and low packaging cost.
However, the high production levels have significantly affected the rate of new planting with the demand for oranges rising more than its output, especially in the developed countries like the United States. Oranges are produced all over the world, and 70% of global orange production takes place in northern regions.
- Brazil is the largest producer of oranges in the world producing 16,713,534 tons per year.
- China comes second with 9,246,305 annual production. With an annual production of 8,367,000 tons,
- India is the third largest producer of oranges.
Facts about orange production by country
- Orange is a citrus fruit, a good source of vitamin C, folate and potassium.
- Around 2500 BC, the first oranges were cultivated in China. In the 9th century, the Moors brought oranges to Europe.
- The word for “head” in Sanskrit is “naranga”, which is where the word “orange” comes from. Orange was once a luxury reserved for the wealthy.
- Oranges are considered a luxury that only the rich can afford. The orange tree is the smartest tree in the world.
- Every year, 78,699,604 tons of oranges are produced worldwide. There are more than 600 orama.
- Asia is a citus producer of 2021, creating about 83.6 meters tonnes 83.6. Orange trees can live up to a hundred years and reach ten meters in height.
- Brazil produces more oranges annually than any other country. Orange juice is used for many things.
- In 2021, China produced 56 million metric tons of citrus, or about 70% of all citrus grown in Asia that year. In America, orange juice is the most popular fruit juice.
- Florida produces more oranges than any other state in the United States.
- There are more than 35 million orange trees in Spain. Orange peels contain essential oils and can be used in cooking, cleaning and flavoring.
- Oranges have a low glycemic index, which means that people with diabetes can eat them and help control their blood sugar. Oranges are a favorite food for athletes, which can help improve endurance and reduce muscle soreness.
- Orange has a long shelf life. They can stay fresh at room temperature for up to two weeks and in the refrigerator for up to six weeks