Sesame is the most important and oldest oil seed in the world. It is also known as til house or gingely from other regional names in India. Sesame is believed to have originated in South Africa and was introduced to India by migrants before the Indus Valley Civilization. It is scientifically known as Sesamum indicum L.

India is the largest producer of sesame. It is widely selected for its high water absorption qualities and the highest oil content in the fruit. There are two different types of sesame seeds, namely white and black, although a few other types ranging from red to pink or brown or gray are also available.

Sesame plants grow from seeds

Sesame seeds should not be sown directly outdoors. Sow seeds indoors four to six weeks before the last frost date. Covers small areas with bare soil. Keep watered until they sprout, then water once a week or so. Sesame seeds grow best in temperatures between 68 and 75 degrees. They are perennial plants, meaning they will continue to flower and form seed capsules over a long period of time. in summer, peaking in July and early August.

Harvesting of seeds

Sesame seeds are small and hard to dry. But they need to be dried for storage so that they don’t go bad, which can happen because of their high oil content. Therefore, it is important to ensure that they are completely dry and the plants in the pod before bringing them.

Sesame seeds grow from the bottom of the plant. The first flowers appear on the way down. When the pods begin to split, which happens late in the summer, cut those you will lay them removed and dry. Plucking them will cause the fruit to fall, but you can do it if you have a tray or bucket to catch the fruit.

The leaves of the plant will darken as it dries and the pods will continue to split. Then you can tap the stems and pods on the sides of the bucket to catch the seeds. Some people like to dry the dried fruits before storing them, as this can help preserve their flavor and prevent spoilage.

Some of the commonly used types of sesame seeds


Brown Seed

Known for its high oil content of around 45-50%, brown sesame seeds are used for oil extraction which is widely used in India.

White nuts

White nuts exported from India are known for their nutty flavor and are used as a condiment for cooking. They are often found sprinkled on bread rolls and breads.


Blackberry is rich in flavor and is used as a condiment in salads, for marinating meat and vegetables, and for medicinal purposes.

Red sesame seeds

Red sesame seeds are fragrant, so they are used in dishes to make the taste more delicious.

Health Advantages of Sesame

Benefits of sesame seeds in eye related diseases

Eye diseases such as general eye pain, night blindness, red eyes, etc. In all these types of problems, the home remedy made from sesame is very useful.

Pick up the drops of dew lying on sesame flowers in autumn with a muslin cloth or any other way and fill them in a bottle. Putting these dew particles in the eye is beneficial.
Washing the eyes by making a decoction of black sesame provides relief from eye related diseases.
Grinding 80 sesame flowers, 60 long pepper, 50 jasmine flowers and 16 black pepper with water, making it like a wick, rubbing it like mascara, it provides benefits in eye related diseases like cataract.
Sesame oil (Sesame oil Patanjali), Baheda oil, Bhringraj juice and Vijayasar decoction mixed with oil after cooking it in an iron pan and taking 1-2 drops daily through the nose increases the power of vision.

Benefits of sesame seeds in piles

If you have piles disease and if you do irregularity in diet, then piles disease can increase further. The home remedy of sesame proves to be very beneficial in that.

Grinding sesame with water and eating it with butter thrice a day, one hour before meals, provides relief in hemorrhoids and stops bleeding.
Grinding sesame after heating it and tying it like a bundle is beneficial.

Sesame is beneficial in arthritis or joint pain

Nowadays the problem of arthritis does not happen by looking at the age. Due to staying in AC throughout the day or doing more work while sitting, people are becoming victims of this disease at any age. To get relief from this, you can use sesame seeds like this.

Sesame seeds keep the heart healthy

Sesame contains special compounds called lignans and phytosterols, which can help reduce bad cholesterol levels. Lower levels of harmful cholesterol such as LDL helps in keeping the heart healthy.

Sesame seeds help fight infection

Sesame has many antioxidant and antibacterial properties, which help in fighting various types of infections. Sesame seeds are generally considered effective in fighting infections in the throat and feet.

Anti-aging Properties

Sesame oil contains fatty acids like oleic, palmitic, stearic and linoleic acid, which are effective moisturizers and keep the skin soft. It also contains Vitamin A and Vitamin C which keep away fine lines and wrinkles.

Sesame seeds help in reducing the symptoms of diabetes

Many powerful elements are found in sesame, which improve the body’s ability to make insulin. At the same time, the antioxidants present in sesame seeds help in reducing the level of sugar in the blood, which effectively reduces the symptoms of diabetes.

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