Cardamom, the queen of spices, is used in a variety of ways in its management and in the global spice trade, it is the oldest and most widely used ingredient in the world. It has had the highest and most unique status and today is a source of income for various countries,
for example. India, Indonesia, Guatemala, Vietnam and others. Cardamom has achieved an important position in the food, medicine, perfume and cosmetic industries. With the development of modern science and technology and the awareness and great need among people for the use of natural products, especially in food and medicine, cardamom has really gained a better position and has better prospects in the year those who come.
Cardamom trade can promote a sustainable cardamom industry, to reduce the number of poor cardamom farmers in low-income countries.
As important, Cardamom is considered the second most important spice for its “low volume, high cost” nature. In fact, cardamom was originally cultivated as a wild plant and the tribes living in the interior of the forest took care of its growth and harvest. A standardized form of cardamom plant is made only after the economic value of cardamom is realized.
Cardamom is the fruit of many spices in the Zingiberaceae (ginger family) of the Genus, Amomum and Elettaria is a monotypic genus, represented by Elettaria cardamom, distributed in tropical Indo-Malaya and reported for bolls, which provide cardamom trade.
Elettaria cardamom is an Indian plant whose rhizome produces leafless shoots and fruits that, when ripe, give pepper, cardamom. Elettaria cardamom is also called small cardamom or small cardamom or real cardamom or green cardamom.
Cardamom World production
Cardamom plants take about three years to bear fruit and are commercially available for four to six years before fruiting.
fall. Leaflets growing along the panicle, with brown or black seeds so small that it takes four
cloves to fill a quarter of a teaspoon, making it one of the most expensive spices in the world. According to the latest data available, the world production of small and large cardamoms is around 70,000
MT in 2006, with Guatemala and India accounting for 45 percent and 21 percent of total production, respectively. Guatemala produces little cardamom, while India produces both types. Ruled by Guatemala and India cardamom production, but since 2003 Indonesia has appears as an embedded key generator. In 2006, Indonesia is the third largest producer at 18 percent of total output. About the big cardamom
production, Indonesia is the representative manufacturer 45% of production, along with Nepal (23%), India (15percent) and China
India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of food, with 46 percent share in volume and 23 percent in value, in the world market. However, few Foodstuffs and value-added products are a major part of the country’s total exports income.
India is 25 to 30% of the world’s pepper production, 35% of ginger and about 90% of turmeric production. In the central states of India, Kerala top pepper (96%), cardamom (53%), ginger (25%) production in no.
World production and export of cardamom
Cardamom production depends on the vagaries of agro-climatic factors, the nature of pests and diseases, and price trends. High incomes are associated with good cultural practices, good climatic conditions and low incidence of pests and diseases that often lead to high levels. Higher prices will increase the area under cultivation, leading to a delay in harvesting and subsequently increasing cardamom production.
The most common type, Elettaria cardamomum or small cardamom is the best in terms of quality. India is the smallest producer of cardamom, producing around 38,000 MT in 2016, followed by Guatemala with a production of around 35,000 MT in the same period.
Cardamom is one of the most important export products and plays an important role in the income and employment of cardamom producers.
Guatemala, India, Sri Lanka,. According to Tridge-Globaltrade Platform, in 2016, the total global production of cardamom was around 121,939 MT. India, Indonesia and Guatemala produce an average of 104,514 MT of cardamom or 85.71% of world cardamom production and export 44,508 MT or 78.21% of world cardamom exports.
Cardamom, despite being expensive and isolated, is very much in demand, not only from a gastronomic point of view but also from a medicinal point of view. It is also a sought-after treatment for dental problems such as gum disease and tooth decay. It is used as an antidote against snake and scorpion venom.
Traditional Indian medicine also uses this spice in various ways. Today, there are many explanations that it can also help fight cancer. Different flavors even find their place in the perfumery.
Why cardamom is so expensive
Getting that little bit of cardamom takes a lot of work. Pickers have to hand pick six kilograms of pods to extract just one kilogram of green cardamom.
But just because a lot of pods from one plant are ripe doesn’t mean they all will be. For this reason, each pod must be picked by hand.
Which cardamom is the best?
Cardamom is one of the best spices out there. Green cardamom, which can be found in your local grocery store and is sometimes called real cardamom or simply “cardamom”, is what you are looking for if the sweet dish is good – it perfect with desserts like ice cream! But don’t limit yourself
Likewise, the white version can be used in sweet foods (like brownies) without losing much flavor in any way because they won’t have the essential oils that will make them stale. being lighter than their green counterparts.”