Bananas are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They have important nutrients that can have a protective effect on health. Bananas are tropical fruits with soft pulp inside their flesh. These fruits are elongated and slightly rounded and grow in clusters near the top of the fruit tree.
Bananas come in a variety of colors, including green, red, yellow and brown (when ripe). The banana plant is the largest herbaceous flowering plant in the world. The scientific name for banana is Musa acuminata
Bananas can be eaten directly when ripe or added to fruit salads, drinks, and shakes. Also, they make a great breakfast or snack for a quick energy boost. Bananas are now grown in more than 100 countries around the world, and can be used to make fiber, banana wine and used in cosmetics.
The best banana producers in the world
1) India: 31504000 tons;
2) China: 11,513,000 tons;
3) Indonesia: 8182756 tons;
4) Brazil: 6637308 tons;
5) Ecuador: 6023390 tons;
6) Philippines: 5955311 tons;
7) Guatemala: 4,476,680 tons;
8) Angola: 4,115,028 tons;
9) Tanzania: 3,419,436 tons;
10) Costa Rica: 2,528,721 tons;
11) Mexico: 2,464,171 tons;
12) Colombia: 2,434,900 tons;
13) Peru: 2,314,514 tons;
14) Vietnam: 2,191,379 tons;
15) Kenya: 1856659 tons;
16) Egypt: 1382950 tons;
17) Thailand: 1360670 tons;
18) Burundi: 1280048 tons;
19) Papua New Guinea: 1,261,605 tons;
20) Dominican Republic: 1232039 tons:
India is the largest producer of bananas.
India produces more bananas in a year than any other country for export. Most of the bananas grown in India are destined for the domestic market. Although more than half of the bananas produced in India are Cavendish cultivars, the country has a large variety of bananas.
The main banana producing states are in the northeast and south of the country. Tamil Nadu has the largest land area, followed by Maharashtra and Karnataka. Tamil Nadu also ranks first in terms of production, followed by Maharashtra, but the highest production is recorded in Maharashtra, followed by Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh.
Maharashtra’s high productivity is due to the cultivation of high-yielding Cavendish plants, and the adoption of improved technologies such as high-yielding crops and the use of organic crops.
Different types of bananas Production in India
Dwarf Cavendish: This is the main commercial variety grown in Maharashtra, Bihar, Gujarat and West Bengal for table and processing purposes. It is also grown in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. ‘Basrai’ is one of the most popular Indian commercial banana varieties. It is one of the most popular banana varieties in Maharashtra. The size of the bunch, the length and the size of the fruit are all good, but the keeping quality is not good.
The usual bunch weight is 15-25 kg in 6-7 handles and about 13 fruits per handle. Even when the fruit is ripe, the outer skin of the fruit retains some green color.
Robusta: It is a tall variety developed for table use in Tamil Nadu and parts of Karnataka. Robusta is one of the most popular table bananas in India. It produces large fruit and produces large clusters of fruit that develop well. Depending on the growing conditions, the dark green fruits turn bright yellow. The fruit is sweet and has a pleasant aroma. The weight of the cluster is estimated between 25 and 30 kg.
The fruit has a low shape, which leads to the quick drying of the pulp when it is ripe, which makes it not suitable for long distance travel. Red banana: Red banana is one of the popular banana varieties in Tamil Nadu. It is grown commercially in Kerala and Tamil Nadu districts of Kanyakumari and Tirunelveli. It is popular in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and western and central India to some extent.
known as Lal Velchi in Bihar and other parts of the country and Chandra Bale in Karnataka. It is a strong plant that can produce a bunch of 20-30 kg with proper care. Fruits are sweet, orange-yellow in color and aromatic. Grand Naine: Grand Naine gets its name from its height compared to other Cavendish cultivars. I
t is taller than the Dwarf Cavendish plant but shorter than the Giant Cavendish plant. It is the most popular foreign banana in the world. It is a tall tree with a long bouquet, which produces many fruits. It produces a bunch of 25 kilograms on average but it can reach 32-35 kilograms, with 8-10 hands and 200-220 fruits per bunch.
The length of the fruit is 15-21 cm, while its circumference is 12-13 cm. Poovan: This is one of the major commercial banana species in Andhra Pradesh. It is the most commercially cultivated species in India, including species such as palayankodan in Kerala, Karpura Chakkarakeli in Andhra Pradesh, Poovan in Tamil Nadu and Alpan in the North Eastern region.
This variety is slightly acidic and has a sweet and sour taste. When the fruits are ripe, they take on a yellow color. Nendran: Nendran is one of the popular banana varieties grown in Kerala. It is used for tables and layouts. In recent years, Nendran’s business has exploded in Tamil Nadu. A bunch has 5-6 hands that is between 12 and 15 kilograms. The fruits have a distinctive neck with a tough green skin that turns purple as they mature.
Ney poovan: Ney poovan is the most robust diploid herb grown in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. It is now grown on a large scale in Kerala, which used to be grown in backyards. After 12-14 months, Ney Poovan is a slender plant with 15-30 kg bunches. Dark green fruits turn yellow and have a long shelf life. The fruit is fragrant, sweet, powdery and hard.