Introduction of Combine Harvesting
Combine harvester, is a versatile machine designed to harvest a variety of crops efficiently. The name comes from the combination of three different harvesting practices; Harvesting, threshing and threshing in one process. Crops harvested in the harvester include wheat, oats, rye, barley, corn (maize), sorghum, soybeans, flax (flaxseed), sunflower and rapeseed.
The separated grasses, the rest of the field, including the stalks and any remaining leaves of the plant that are not healthy: the grass is cut, spread on the field and returned or made into bedding and straw. for cattle.
Combine harvester, is a very important and complex machine designed to efficiently harvest large grains. Modern combines can cut a swath across the field more than 40 feet wide. The name comes from the combination of three important harvesting operations: reaping, threshing and threshing. Corn, soybeans, wheat, oat, rye, barley, sorghum, flax, sunflower and canola can be used as headers for the grain.
Combine Harvester Structure
There are more than 130 different parts that work together. However, being a guide for beginners, I will focus only on some of the main points of the design. A typical harvester has the following important features:
1: Crop mix
40: Combine Reel (its position is indicated by a yellow circle). It is held with the back arm
50: Combine headers (blue, bottom)
80: Combine Thresher (Red)
30/90: Forwarders and combine harvesters (yellow) move things around the machine
42: Hydraulic cylinders (gray, bottom) raise and lower the platform. 28: A combination of sieves (purple) cleans the grain.
100: grass walkers (blue)
18: Combine grain tank (orange). This sits like a saddle on a grassy central structure, with a shallow central section and two deep sections extending to either side.
36: Pipe download (dark green), based on the auger method. 19: The (red) light is behind the driver. The light (blue, 102) drives all the machines inside. 14: The front drive wheel (light gray) fixed (does not turn). The rear leg (15) pivots to guide the harvester.
Combine Harvester working Principle
A composite is a large, complex machine with many moving parts at different levels. A harvester cuts and gathers crops from a field. The plant enters the year of gathering and takes several steps to separate the corn from everything else (stalk, etc.).
This separation process is the origin of the old saying “separating the wheat from the chaff” – the process separates the valuable content (grain) from everything else.
After the separation process is completed, the grain is moved into the grain bin, and the residue is removed from the back of the machine and returned to the field. The farmer can choose to press the leachate out later or allow it to dissolve and fertilize the soil.
Combine harvesters can unload their grain as they move, saving farmers a lot of time. Normally, a tractor pulling a grain wagon will drive next to the combine while the combine continues to harvest, and then the combined grain combine is extended to top the grain cart and dump the grain tank into the grain cart.
Combine Harvester Uses
What was done with the blood, sweat and tears of a farmer is now done by a machine that is efficient and productive. The overall operating system is improved, which increases the profits of the farmers. Some common ways that it works are:
Multi-functional machines such as a harvester reduce the number of people involved in harvesting, thus reducing the work, time and effort required, which in this way increasing overall productivity.
Large areas of arable land can be cultivated more easily and efficiently, which benefits farmers because of their ability to obtain higher yields. Different types of heads and harvesters combine together to make the harvest of different types of crops, which makes the crops stronger and makes agriculture more efficient. useful.
Modern versions with high technological advancements have made gentle use of the fragile seeds that the earlier versions crushed and destroyed. The production of cleaner grains, reduction of crop losses, maintenance of crop quality and reduction of labor costs have motivated farmers to invest in quality inputs.
With different versions of the combination available, any type of farm, regardless of size, can produce it, making the whole process ineffective.
The size of the India Combine harvesters market is expected to increase during the period 2022-2028.
The main factors driving the harvester market are the need for productivity in the agricultural industry and the availability of government subsidies in the country. The Government of India provides assistance to customers who purchase agricultural machinery through its programs such as Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) and Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).
These local government programs have been instrumental in improving marketability of crops. The demand for harvesters in India is expected to increase due to the increase in population and the requirements for food security in the country. However, the high cost of these machines may hinder the market growth in the near future.
Impact of COVID-19 on Combine Harvesting Industry in India
During the epidemic, the agricultural industry was the most affected, but the commercial sales were greatly affected during the epidemic. The disruption in the import and supply chain of this sector has led to disruption in the harvester market in India, which is one of the largest segments of the harvester market in Asia-Pacific.
The impact of epidemics is not very good in this sector since it is closely related to the agricultural sector. Agriculture has been one of the sectors least affected by epidemics. Food is the first thing people want in any country; therefore, the market prospers while other markets suffer. It is because of some government initiatives that the agricultural supply chain has been disrupted, resulting in the negative impact of epidemics on this market.