About Potatoes Production
Potatoes can contribute even more to world history and global food security, and the total crop production can double in the next 10 years, QU Dongyu, general manager of the Organization Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) said. in his keynote speech at the 11th World Potato Congress (WPC) held in Dublin.
Potatoes are the third most important food in the world and are eaten regularly by billions of people. They also generate income for small farmers, provide a low-fiber, high-fiber diet rich in healthy carbohydrates and antioxidants and nutrients, and produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions. other crops, said Qu, a nutritionist. tradition.
Earlier in his career, he helped organize the WPC 2015 in China and was the director of the International Potato Center. Today, potatoes, his pleasure in South America, will be increased 359. There can be increasing world 3009., said. “Potato will be one of the most valuable crops in the global food security system when the yields of other grains are nearing the end,” Qu said.
While thanking the geniuses of the people of Peru and Bolivia who grow potatoes, the head of the company said that Asia and Africa are the regions where the growth and production of potatoes is the fastest today, while the production is decreasing in Europe in North America. Globally, potato production has increased even as the land dedicated to growing it has decreased, reflecting the role of better seeds, Qu said.
List of countries by potato production
Worldwide, 376,875,686 tons of potatoes are produced annually.
China is the largest potato producer in the world with an annual production of 99,122,420 tons. India comes second with 43,770,000 of production per year.
Potato production process in India
Most of the seed potatoes in India are produced using air technology by private companies. The company buys stock cultures from the Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI) and propagates them in a tissue culture laboratory, resulting in tissue culture seeds. The plants are placed in polystyrene sheets and boxes that grow in high technology, where the temperature is controlled and given a nutrient solution that is sprayed on their roots.
The plants produce small tubers which are harvested each season and planted in the field by seed companies and cooperative farmers for first generation (G1) production. . Once g1 has created fruits, G1, G1 is produced another fruits and five generations and generations are also since its opened field, often from fruitful farmers.
India is one of the greatest producers, as most people choose it for cultures. League pierced is the best thing to get a good money. It helps to earn a lot of money and make the farming business successful.
Soil and climate requirements for growing potatoes
Potatoes grow quickly in well-drained soil, but they hate hot soil. Therefore, potatoes can grow in any type of soil except saline and alkaline soil. Naturally, loose soil that gives less resistance to the tuber is preferred. Sandy and loamy soils with good drainage and good air quality are the best for growing potato. Soil with a pH of 5.2 to 6.4 is best for potatoes.
In terms of climate, potatoes are planted at a temperature of 24 ℃ and tuber growth is good at a temperature of 20 ℃. Therefore, potatoes are considered as a cool crop. For harvesting potatoes, a temperature of 14 to 20 degrees Celsius is ideal. Most of the time, good soil for growing potatoes is considered to be important and productive soil.