Among the largest producers of Wheat during 2010, the EU is the largest wheat producer, followed by India. With the increase in western products and growing prosperity, India’s per capita wheat production has gradually increased. Wheat production in India is the second largest cereal crop, after rice.
Besides rice, wheat is the main crop in the country, although it has the largest production area in India. The total area set aside for wheat production is about 29.8 million hectares. Production has increased significantly since 2005 from 75.81 million to 94.88 million MT in 2011-12. Most of the wheat production increased in the states of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, with Madhya Pradesh having the largest wheat area.
The grain of this crop varies and is consistent across different growing areas. These products from western and central India are usually high in protein, spices and solids. Durum wheat is best produced from Madhya Pradesh. The wheat produced in India is soft and soft/different, good for white bread, while those grown in the United States are usually hard and good for brown bread. Sand.
By the time India became independent in 1947, wheat production was poor due to various problems related to soil fertility, cultivation methods and equipment, and susceptibility to disease. Finally in 1961, a project was launched to focus only on the production of wheat, which made it possible to increase the production of this grain in the country. The extraordinary increase in production was due to the introduction of green revolution in India and became independent in the production of this grain. Maize production in India is divided into a few regions such as the mountainous regions which include Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir where some regions have high yields.
The northwest region is the largest wheat producer, including states like Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Delhi and some parts of J&K and Chandigarh. The northeastern region also has good production, including the states of Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam, West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Central Region, Peninsular Region and Southern Hill Region contribute to more production in India. In India, wheat is produced in many types of soil. Ideally, soils with a silty-clay texture are best for growing wheat, because they can hold moderate amounts of water.
Neutral pH soil, heavy nature with good drainage and dry conditions are ideal for this plant. The soil must be able to absorb water and retain rainwater, even though water is not good. Even in lighter soils, wheat can grow individually, as long as the water holding capacity is improved and waterlogging is avoided.
The use of fertilizers in wheat production is a key factor in increasing production. A good mix of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus is essential for optimum production. Other studies have shown that sulfur can be a good thing to improve wheat production in the soil. A few other minerals have also been shown to have beneficial effects. Nutrient management has also proved to be key in improving wheat production in different parts of India.
Therefore, it is expected that there should be a special food management plan to achieve the performance goals. Inorganic fertilizers should be used in combination with crop residues and organic fertilizers. Monitoring for effective food management methods has been studied and implemented.
India’s largest Wheat producing states
Uttar Pradesh is the largest wheat producer in India. It is estimated that more than million metric tons of wheat is produced in Uttar Pradesh. 96 lakh hectares of land is used for wheat production. UP is located in the Ganges basin. This is good for wheat production. In addition, irrigation, as well as the soil, fertilizes.
Haryana is also one of the states in the northern region of India. Haryana produces 118 metric tons per year.
Punjab has 60 hectares of agricultural land of which 36 lakh are used for wheat cultivation. Punjab is known for its culture as it has good land for agriculture. There are 5 rivers that offer water resources or diving facilities. The most famous wheat growing regions of Punjab are Patiala, Amritsar, Ferozepur and Ludhiana.
In all of India, Madhya Pradesh ranks fourth in wheat production. Districts like Indore, Ujjain, Sagar, Gwalior and Jabalpur produce large amounts of wheat. Last year, Madhya Pradesh produced over a million metric tons of wheat. Maharashtra produced one million metric tons of wheat. Maharashtra cultivates 20 hectares of wheat. Places like Satara, Sangli, Jalgaon, Ahmadnagar Nashik, Pune, Solapur, Dhule and Kolhapur produced a lot of wheat. Various river valleys of rivers like Krishna, Godavari and Tapi help in providing irrigation facilities.
In Uttarakhand, 9 metric tons of wheat are produced in the state. It also provides nearly 3.7 hectares for wheat production in the state.
Gujarat is a state where wheat is grown in a large area, with 12 hectares for wheat production in the state. Districts like Rajkot, Kheda and Bhavnagar produced large quantities of wheat.
Bihar has produced a crop of 45 lakh metric hectares. Bhojpur and Nalanda are the largest producers of wheat. There is 1800 kg of wheat produced per hectare in Bihar. There are 52 hectares that are used for agriculture. 22 hectares are used for wheat cultivation.
Climate for growing wheat in India
Wheat is a widely adaptable crop that can be grown in climates ranging from temperate to tropical and cold northern regions. Additionally, it can be grown anywhere from land at sea level to altitudes of up to 3300 meters. A cool and wet climate for many years followed by a short, dry and hot season is best for growing wheat.
This type of climate allows proper maturation and ripening of the corn. However, areas with high rainfall, humidity and hot weather are not suitable for commercial wheat cultivation.
Similarly, drought conditions, high temperatures or high temperatures during the flowering period will affect the wheat harvest. At high temperatures, a lot of energy is lost through sweat.
As a result, there is little residual energy in the crop, resulting in low yields. High humidity and low temperatures can cause rust in crops.